There was a time when robots were just concepts and thoughts in people’s heads. However, in the fast-paced world, research and development took place and robots are a reality and it did not take too much time for these robots to actually co-exist with us humans in this world. While ASIMO and Valkyrie were way advanced from the time they were conceived, technology is catching up at a fast pace.
Robots, as we take them to be are technologically advanced non-biological (beings – Just to make them sound as a part of humans). Robots have been used to depict humans and be like humans in the first place. Their only comparison happens with human beings in the way they move, talk, feel and walk and of course the intelligence and the ability to rationally think, react and express the emotions.
For now, robots designed to learn and understand human emotions, to communicate and express their own feelings (depends on the robot’s understanding of emotions) but there are a whole clan of robots who are just working day in and out. Yes, here we are looking into industrial robots and robots which are specifically developed to handle certain tasks. These robots either replace humans in their jobs (say precision welding) and also increase productivity. There are several applications of robots in the industrial sector and other sectors, let us look into some of these marvellous working robots.
1. Automotive Industry Robots: The automotive industry is growing crazy fast and so it needs a lot of help. Automotive industry robots are used in assembling, welding, sorting, quality control, inventory management and also some very risky and hazardous jobs. Without robots, it would have been a hard time for automakers to keep up with the growing demands of the world.
2. Agricultural Robots: For large agricultural covers, robots are employed to make production easier. From tilling to harvesting, surveillance and care, a lot of help is taken from the robots. Drones are used in large area farms to map and check the product and also spray pesticides and fertilizers. Drones provide visual feedback to the control which allows the tracking of the status of a certain patch of produce.
3. Cleaning robots: Well, we humans are very lazy and cleaning robots are proof of that. However, industrial cleaning robots are actually needed in large industrial spaces, warehouses etc. These robots are employed to clean and scrub floors which otherwise would have been a huge take if performed by humans. The cleaning robots can do an amazing job of scrubbing up to 17,000 sq ft of floors in an hour.
4. Robotic Arms: I remember my visit to the Volkswagen factory during my engineering. It was an amazing experience to see how they manufacture cars. But before the final product, there are a lot of steps that happen. One such station was the door assembly station. Four huge robot arms swing from one end to the other picking up parts and assembling car doors, each under 40 seconds. The arms were very precise and barely missed each other by mere centimetres while moving in the predefined path. Robotic arms are very common in manufacturing and can be assigned to different tasks according to the work required.
5. Gantry robots: Gantry robots are mounted on the top horizontally over a workplace. Gantry robots are basically robot arms which can pick, place and do several other jobs in an automated assembly line. The horizontal mounting gives it the freedom to move over the workplace and be precise. They also save space as they do not need floor space for operation.